Jul 262020

Freedom of The City

The Freedom of the City is an honour bestowed by a municipality upon a valued member of the community, or upon a visiting celebrity or dignitary. Arising from the medieval practice of granting respected citizens freedom from serfdom, the tradition still lives on in countries such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand – although today the title of “freeman” confers no special privileges.

The Freedom of the City can also be granted by municipal authorities to military units which have earned the city’s trust; in this context, it is sometimes called the Freedom of Entry. This allows them the freedom to parade through the city, and is an affirmation of the bond between the regiment and the citizenry.

The honour was sometimes accompanied by a “freedom box”, a small gold box inscribed to record the occasion; these are not usual today. In some countries, such as the United States, esteemed residents and visitors may instead be presented with the Key to the City, a similarly symbolic honour. Other US cities award Honorary Citizenship, with just a certificate.

Freedom of the City is an ancient honour granted to martial organisations, allowing them the privilege to march into the city “with drums beating, colours flying, and bayonets fixed”.

This honour dates back to ancient Rome which regarded the “pomerium”, the boundary of the city, as sacred. Promagistrates and generals were forbidden from entering it, and resigned their imperium immediately upon crossing it. An exception was made for victory celebrations (called triumphs), during which the victorious general would be permitted to enter for one day only. Under the Republic, soldiers also lost their status when entering, becoming citizens: thus soldiers at their general’s triumph wore civilian dress. Weapons were also banned inside the pomerium for religious and traditional reasons. (The assassination of Julius Caesar occurred outside this boundary.)

Similar laws were passed by other European cities throughout the Medieval era, to protect public security and civic rights, even against their own king’s troops. As a result, soldiers would be forced to camp outside the walls of the city during the winter months. The Freedom of the City was an honour granted only to troops which had earned the trust of the local populace, either through some valiant action or simply by being a familiar presence.

Today, martial freedom of the city is an entirely ceremonial honour, usually bestowed upon a unit with historic ties to the area, as a token of appreciation for their long and dedicated service. The awarding of the Freedom is often accompanied by a celebratory parade through the city.

Entitlement to civil privileges

A slightly more common freedom of the city is connected to the medieval concept of “free status”, when city and town charters drew a distinction between freemen and vassals of a feudal lord. As such, freemen actually pre-date ‘boroughs’. Early freedom of the boroughs ceremonies had great importance in affirming that the recipient enjoyed privileges such as the right to trade and own property, and protection within the town.

In modern society, the award of honorary freedom of the city or borough tends to be entirely ceremonial, given by the local government in many towns and cities on those who have served in some exceptional capacity, or upon any whom the city wishes to bestow an honour.

United Kingdom

Before parliamentary reform in 1832, freedom of the city or town conferred the right to vote in the ‘parliamentary boroughs’ for the MPs. Until the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 the freemen were the exclusive electorate for some of the boroughs. These two acts together curtailed the power of the freemen and extended the franchise to all ‘householders’ (defined as local rate payers; in fact therefore property owners). The private property belonging to the freemen collectively was retained. The freemen of York, Oxford and Newcastle upon Tyne still own considerable areas within their towns, although the income is effectively given to support charitable objects. The Local Government Act 1972 specifically preserved freemen’s rights.

The Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 removed any restrictions entitling only men to be freemen.

Today, the grant of honorary freedom in the United Kingdom is governed by the Local Government Act 1972 (as amended by the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009). The 1972 Act enabled the councils of cities, royal boroughs, boroughs, and parishes (or, in Wales, communities) with the status of a royal town to confer the status of honorary freeman on “persons of distinction and persons who have, in the opinion of the council, rendered eminent services” to the local area.[4] The 2009 Act extends the ability to grant the status of honorary freeman to any county, city, district, borough, town, parish or community council (so removing the requirement for the town to have ‘royal’ status, and also enabling county councils to confer the honour). A special meeting of the council can grant the honour by passing a resolution with a two-thirds majority at a specially convened meeting.

The exact qualifications for borough freedom differ between each city or town, but generally fall into two categories, ‘patrimony’ (inheritance) and ‘servitude’ (apprenticeship).

For example, in Chester, only the children or grandchildren of freemen may apply for admission. In York, this extends to great- and great-great-grandchildren, and apprenticeship to a freeman of the city will also allow admission.[6] In Great Grimsby, the widow of a freeman passes his rights to her second husband, who retains the privilege after either divorce from or death of the widow. The borough freedom is strongest in York, Chester, Newcastle upon Tyne and Coventry; in Coventry, freedom is qualified by having served an apprenticeship. Durham and Northampton have extended their admission criteria to those who have served an apprenticeship without being ‘bound’ (trained) by a freeman directly. Freemen of Newcastle upon Tyne are bestowed the right to graze cattle on the town moor.

Freedom of the City of Belfast

Recipients of this honour have included athlete Mary Peters,[8] actor Kenneth Brannagh, diplomat John Jordan, industrialist Andrew Carnegie and Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Freedom of the City of London

In England, the most established borough freedom is that conferred by the Freedom of the City of London, first recorded in 1237. This is closely tied to the role and status of the livery companies. From 1835, the freedom “without the intervention of a Livery Company” has been bestowed by a general resolution of Common Council, by “redemption” (purchase), at one time for an onerous sum. Now the Freedom can be obtained by servitude, by patrimony, by nomination, or by presentation via a Livery Company. Freedom through nomination by two sponsors is available for a fee (known as a “fine”) of £100, but is free to those on the electoral roll of the City

New freemen are enrolled in a ceremony in Guildhall, when they receive a guide to conducting their lives in an honourable fashion and a sealed certificate. Freemen’s children get admission preference at the City of London Freemen’s School. There are a number of rights traditionally but apocryphally associated with freemen—the right to drive sheep and cattle over London Bridge; to a silken rope, if hanged; to carry a naked sword in public; or that if the City of London Police finds a freeman drunk and incapable, they will bundle him or her into a taxi and send them home rather than throw them into a cell. While sheep have occasionally been driven over London Bridge by Freemen on special occasions, these “privileges” are now effectively symbolic.

Mark Stephens with a sheep on London Bridge in 2009

The right to herd sheep and cattle across London’s four bridges technically no longer applies, as there are no livestock markets in the city. Nevertheless, this right has been exercised, or the city has granted permission, on several occasions in modern times:

On 19 August 1999, Jef Smith, a freeman of London walked two sheep over Tower Bridge to bring attention to the rights of older citizens.

On 17 June 2006, a flock of about thirty sheep was driven across the Millennium Bridge to mark the start of London Architecture Week.

On 31 August 2008, Amanda Cottrell, former High Sheriff of Kent, marched six rams across London Bridge to promote fundraising for the restoration of Canterbury Cathedral and “a scheme backing local food production”.

On 17 September 2008, the Lord Mayor of London, David Lewis, and some 500 freemen drove a flock of Romney ewes in relay across London Bridge to raise funds for the Lord Mayor’s charities (Orbis and Wellbeing of Women).

On 7 April 2013, actor and presenter Stephen Fry drove Grace, a year-old lamb, over London Bridge for a documentary about becoming a freeman, Stephen Fry’s Key To The City.

On 27 April 2019, freeman of the city Simone Lakmaker drove Mark, a ram from Spitalfields City Farm, over London Bridge as part of her 80th birthday celebrations and to raise awareness for her charity the Speaking Out Forum.

By 2015, the driving of sheep across the bridge had become an annual event, organised by the Worshipful Company of Woolmen livery company, typically to raise funds for the Lord Mayor’s Appeal and the Worshipful Company of Woolmen.

Freedom of the City of York

York has a long history of freemen dating back to the Anglo-Saxon period, with records dating back to 1272.

Freemen may claim their rights through patronage (as far back as their great-great-grandparent, there are records of women being admitted in York in medieval times, a right forgotten for a time until the late 1970s when the gild carried out research and rediscovered it) or apprenticeship. Once ‘sworn in’, freemen can join the Gild (archaic spelling used) of Freemen who continue to take an interest in the affairs of the city. New admissions are made every year (usually October) following an admission ceremony with the Lord Mayor at the Guildhall.


This section is about Ireland. For Freedom awarded specifically in Dublin, see Freedom of the City of Dublin.
In Ireland, borough freedom of the city is generally given to noted foreign and national dignitaries and the list rarely exceeds a few dozen. As in the United Kingdom, the title generally comes with various ancient privileges – for instance, freemen of Dublin are allowed the right to vote in certain elections, bring goods for sale in the city without customs and the right to pasture sheep on common ground such as College Green and St. Stephen’s Green.

Key to the city

In some countries, such as the United States, an ornamental key – the “key to the city” – is presented to esteemed visitors, residents, or others whom the city wishes to honour. This practice is a variation on the freedom of the city tradition, and has a similar symbolic meaning; evoking medieval walled cities, the gates of which would be guarded during the day and locked at night, the key symbolises the freedom of the recipient to enter and leave the city at will, as a trusted friend of city residents.

In some cities in the Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany, the key to the city is given to the so-called “prince carnival [nl]” who leads the carnivals which take place the week prior to Septuagesima. The tradition is that the mayor steps down for this period and power is transferred to the prince carnival, who then returns the key at the end of Shrove Tuesday/Mardi Gras. Today, the handing over of the key is mostly symbolic and marks the start and end of the carnival.

In Canada, major cities including Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal may award a key to the city to influential business leaders, musicians, and political leaders. In 2016, the Canadian recording artist Drake received a key to the city of Toronto, presented by the mayor John Tory. Also, artist Travis Scott received the Key to the City of Houston presented by the mayor Sylvester Turner on February 13, 2019. In a local tradition, Calgary has opted to award esteemed visitors a symbolic cowboy hat instead of a key; this is usually followed by reciting one of two oaths (one formal, the other more silly) to become honorary Calgarians.

A Great Day.

With all the pomp and celebration of a great day, with the freedom of the city, a parade will pass this way, the grandeur of uniforms on display, military music a band will play.

Flags and bunting flap in the wind, laughter and voices and faces that grin, barriers to keep the masses in, so from in-front of the parade, there’s no wondering.

Children get exited as the time grows near, they keep asking how soon the soldiers will be here, will they have their guns, will they fire them in the air, what about a band, is that them we can hear.

A week of rehearsal, to make the day look great, square-bashing, a soldier’s pet hate, nothing fancy, just the timing to get right, polish your boots and iron your kit, not worn it for a while, so hope it still fits.

Come the day, we all hope it’s by bus, after all the bulling, a truck, no way, scuff your boots, or an oily stain, the RSM will go insane, hope for the sun, dreading the rain.

Last chance for a fag, before we load up, a bus for the band, bloody trucks our luck, a drive to the town, police escort, so in the traffic we don’t get stuck, could do with a beer, or a brew in a mug, not cup.

The excitement of the crowds begin to build, soldiers and guns, to see, the children are thrilled, a line of police, both sides of the street are filled, in the distance a loud voice, silence, the air feels chilled.

Off the bus, there’s no time to waste, a soldier’s speed with little haste, the voice of the RSM rings out, let no one within earshot, be of any doubt, the band strikes up, and as one, we move out.

The people come out onto the streets, waving their flags, the soldiers to meet, the joys of the day, on faces does show, cheers and clapping, so the soldiers do know, Freedom of Entry, through the city they can go.

Through the streets we march, and the crowds we could see, smiling faces and children happy, all that square-bashing, now pays off, mind in neutral, marching’s not too tough.

A day of colour and a day of pride, the joy of the people, no one did hide, soldiers and civilians stand as one, freedom of the city, for all is won, the pomp and celebrations for all begun.

Derrick W Sole. Copyright Protected, 2020


Adelaide, South Australia

HMAS Adelaide

No. 24 Squadron RAAF

Alice Springs, Northern Territory

HMAS Arunta

Detachment 421, United States Air Force

No. 1 Radar Surveillance Unit Royal Australian Air force

Ararat, Victoria

HMAS Ararat II: 16 June 2018.
Bendigo, Victoria

17th Construction Squadron Workshop: 20 October 2015.

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory

HMAS Canberra

Australian Defence Force Academy: 15 September 1995.

2001: Royal Military College Duntroon, during that year’s GMC 400.

Darwin, Northern Territory

HMAS Darwin: October 1985.

Devonport, Tasmania

HMAS Stuart, RAN: 2014.

Gawler, South Australia

HMAS Gawler, RAN: 26 April 1986.

Gold Coast, Queensland

41st Field Battery, Royal Australian Artillery: 1967.

1st Military District Band: 1989.

213 Squadron Australian Air Force Cadets: 30 October 2016.

221 Squadron Australian Air Force Cadets: 30 October 2016.

222 Squadron Australian Air Force Cadets: 30 October 2016.

232 Squadron Australian Air Force Cadets: 30 October 2016.

Gosford, New South Wales

TS Hawkesbury, Australian Navy Cadets.

Ipswich, Queensland

RAAF Base Amberley: 17 June 1970.

Kalgoolie, Western Australia

16th Battalion The Royal Western Australia Regiment.

Katherine, Northern Territory

RAAF Base Tindal: 29 September 2018.

Kingaroy, Queensland

The Defence Force School of Signals Electronic Warfare Wing: 8 July 2017.

Kogarah, New South Wales
9th Regiment RAA: 14 April 2018.
Lake Macquarie

HMAS Tobruk, RAN: 9 August 1991.


School of Military Engineering: 1959.

Maitland, New South Wales

HMAS Maitland, RAN: 30 September 2006.


HMAS Melbourne

Melbourne University Regiment

The Defence Force School of Signals.

Mosman, New South Wales

HMAS Penguin (naval base)

Newcastle, New South Wales

HMAS Newcastle: 13 December 1994.

Northam, Western Australia

10th Light Horse Regiment: 1979

Nowra, New South Wales

HMAS Albatross, RAN: 1979.

HMAS Creswell, RAN: 1979.

Onkaparinga, South Australia

40th Regional Cadet Unit Noarlunga: 1998.

Squadron 605 Australian Air Force Cadets: 2004.

Australian Navy Cadets TS Noarlunga: 2004.

619 Squadron, Australian Air Force Cadets: 2016.


The 1st/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers: 18 October 1959.

HMAS Parramatta, RAN: 28 July 2003.


HMAS Perth, RAN: 4 March 1966.

16th Battalion The Royal Western Australia Regiment: 2 October 1960.

11th/28th Battalion The Royal Western Australia Regiment.

Port Stephens

130 Signals Squadron


RAAF Base East Sale: 1959.


Royal Australian Navy: March 14, 2009

HMAS Sydney

3 Wing, Australian Air Force Cadets

Tamworth, New South Wales

12th/16th Hunter River Lancers.


3rd Brigade Lavarack Barracks: 27 August 2014.


HMAS Wollongong, RAN: 27 August 2017.

4th/3rd Battalion, Royal New South Wales Regiment.



Ordnance Depot Antwerp: 1987.




Calgary Highlanders


3 Squadron 41 Signal Regiment: 22 October 2016.

Rocky Mountain National Army Cadet Summer Training Centre (formerly BNACC)

Bon Accord

1 Combat Engineer Regiment: 3 June 2017.


4 Wing Cold Lake: 5 May 2017.


878 Banff/Canmore Royal Canadian Air Cadet Squadron


Calgary Highlanders: 1956.

1st Battalion The Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada: 11 June 1960.

King’s Own Calgary Regiment

Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians)

HMCS Calgary

4 Wing Cold Lake: 11 May 1999.

HMCS Tecumseh

41 Signal Regiment

14 (Calgary) Service Battalion

52 City of Calgary Air Cadets

538 Buffalo Squadron

22 RCSCC Undaunted

Cold Lake

4 Wing Cold Lake: 27 August 2004.


Correctional Service of Canada: 9 September 2017.


The Canadian Airborne Regiment: 1976.

The Loyal Edmonton Regiment (4th Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry)

15 (Edmonton) Service Battalion: 3 June 1995.

408 Tactical Helicopter Squadron, RCAF: 2001.

Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry: 10 August 2014. (on occasion of the 100th Anniversary of the Regiment)

HMCS Nonsuch

1 Service Battalion: 26 August 2018.

Fort McMurray

Royal Canadian Mounted Police (Wood Buffalo Detachment): 21 September 2013.


Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry: 15 September 2014.

Canadian Military Engineers.

Lord Strathcona’s Horse: 22 October 2010.

Grande Cache

The Correctional Service of Canada: 17 October 2015.

High River

187 Foothills Squadron Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 22 September 2016.


429 Transport Squadron, RCAF: 2008.

Medicine Hat

South Alberta Light Horse: October 2005.

CFB Suffield: 23 April 2015.

British Army Training Unit Suffield: 23 April 2015.


1 Service Battalion: September 2011.

187 Squadron Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 24 May 2017.

Red Deer

41 Signal Regiment

Rocky Mountain House

198 Yukon Corps Royal Canadian Sea Cadets: 23 September 2018.

St. Albert

Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians): 11 June 2011.

Strathcona County

Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians): 24 August 2013.


41 Combat Engineer Regiment: 29 April 2006.


1 Military Police Regiment: 27 June 2009.

British Columbia


39 Combat Engineer Regiment: 26 October 2013.

Royal Westminster Regiment: 26 October 2013.

39 Service Battalion: 26 October 2013.


HMCS Quadra.

19 Wing Comox.


CFB Comox: March 1996.

The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary’s): October 1996.

HMCS Quadra: August 2008.

The Royal Canadian Legion (Courtenay Branch).


3rd Battalion Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry: 16 September 1972.


Rocky Mountain Rangers: 19 February 1980.

CFS Kamloops: 15 May 1984.

The Royal Canadian Legion (Branch No.52): 18 November 1986.

The Army, Navy and Air Force Veterans in Canada (Unit 290): 27 February 1990.

419 Tactical Fighter Training Squadron, RCAF: 1 July 1993.


British Columbia Dragoons: 11 February 1963

Maple Ridge

Royal Canadian Legion (Maple Ridge Branch 88).

The Royal Westminster Regiment.


South Alberta Regiment: April 1941.

Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary’s): 5 October 1974.

Le Régiment de Hull: May 1943. Le Régiment de Hull was the first French speaking unit to be posted to the West Coast. It so worried the residents that they doubled their police force. The residents and the Regiment soon broke the linguistic barrier and formed a bond of friendship, often playing in softball tournaments and learning French-Canadien folk songs.

HMCS Nanaimo, RCN: March 1997.

Maple Ridge

354 RCSCC Invincible

New Westminster

Royal Westminster Regiment, then called the Westminster Regiment: 24 May 1963.

HMCS Discovery, RCN: 3 October 2010.

Pitt Meadows

The Royal Westminster Regiment: 22 September 2012.

Prince George

The Rocky Mountain Rangers: 21 April 2018.

The Royal Canadian Army Cadets


12 (Vancouver) Service Company, then called 12 Service Battalion: 17 April 1993.

39 Service Battalion: 13 April 2014.


11 (Victoria) Service Company, then called 11 Service Battalion: April 1994.

11 (Victoria) Field Ambulance, then called 11 (Victoria) Medical Company: September 1994.

39 Service Battalion: 2 May 2014.


2963 Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, RCACC: 29 August 1998.


HMCS Discovery, RCN: 13 February 1973.

15th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA: 12 June 1977.

Seaforth Highlanders of Canada: 6 December 1977.

British Columbia Regiment: 26 April 1983.

12 (Vancouver) Field Ambulance: 14 April 2007.

The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada: 16 April 2011.

Vancouver Police Pipe Band: 23 January 2014.


Vernon Army Cadet Summer Training Centre: 4 August 1979

British Columbia Dragoons: 10 May 2008


3rd Battalion Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry: 15 June 1974

HMCS Malahat

Maritime Forces Pacific: 5 May 1985.

5th (British Columbia) Field Artillery Regiment, RCA: 4 November 1979.

2nd Battalion The Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada:

The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary’s): 6 June 1964

Royal Roads Military College



2nd Battalion Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry: 22 May 2012.

CFB Shilo: 22 June 2017.


2nd Battalion Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry: 1989.

HMCS Chippawa: 5 May 1985.

Royal Winnipeg Rifles: 4 June 1983.

CFB Winnipeg: October 1992.

New Brunswick


Correctional Service of Canada: 27 July 2015.


1st Battalion, The Royal New Brunswick Regiment (Carleton and York): 1991

Royal Canadian Regiment: 2 June 1973


The Royal Canadian Regiment.

Saint John

The Royal Canadian Regiment.

Newfoundland and Labrador


103 Search and Rescue Squadron, RCAF: 2 May 2017.

St. John’s

HMS Newfoundland, RN: 16 May 1944.

Royal Newfoundland Regiment: 1 July 1963.

HMCS Cabot, RCN: 24 April 1985.

HMCS St. John’s, RCN: 22 June 1996.

Royal Canadian Regiment: 19 June 2005.

56 Engineer Squadron: 31 October 2009.

Royal Newfoundland Constabulary: 18 August 2010

North West Territories


HMCS Yellowknife, RCN: 18 June 1999.

Nova Scotia

Annapolis Royal

CSTC HMCS Acadia: 2004.


78th Highlanders: 1998. (Exercised Annually)

The Princess Louise Fusiliers.

Maritime Forces Atlantic.

The Royal Canadian Regiment.


Land Force Atlantic Area Training Centre Aldershot: 14 October 2012.


29 Sydney Kiwanis and Band, Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 5 October 2018.

45 A/M Edwards, Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 5 October 2018.

562 Cabot, Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 5 October 2018.

129 Caribou, Royal Canadian Sea Cadets: 5 October 2018.

587 Whitney Pier, Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 5 October 2018.

591 Dunlap, Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 5 October 2018.

86 Dreadnought, Royal Canadian Sea Cadets: 5 October 2018.

693 Sydney Rotary, Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 5 October 2018.

3060 Coriano Ridge, Royal Canadian Army Cadets: 5 October 2018.

2878 Cape Breton Highlanders, Royal Canadian Army Cadets: 5 October 2018.

2 Sydney, Royal Canadian Sea Cadets: 5 October 2018.

70 New Waterford, Royal Canadian Sea Cadets: 5 October 2018.


84th Independent Field Battery, RCA: 29 September 2018.



CFB Borden: 5 June 2016.


The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment: 17 May 1964.

8 Wing CFB Trenton: 1978.

RCSCC Quinte 58: 2013.


The Lorne Scots Regiment : 1969.


56th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA: 1 October 1966.


The Brockville Rifles: 1 October 2016.


Royal Canadian Horse Artillery: 1987.


The Canadian Forces Military Police Academy: 21 June 2014.

Dufferin County

The Lorne Scots Regiment : 1981.


The Ontario Regiment: 1979

Elgin County

31 Combat Engineer Regiment: 19 April 2008.

Elliot Lake

696 Air Cadet Squadron Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 26 May 2019.


11th Field Regiment, RCA: 1966.

Halton Hills

The Lorne Scots Regiment : 1987.



Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada

Royal Hamilton Light Infantry

705 (Hamilton) Communication Squadron: 25 July 1978.

31 Signal Regiment: 21 April 2012.


116 Independent Field Battery, RCA: 1985.


Royal Military College of Canada: 7 October 1976. (Freedom Exercised on 6 May 2012 and 5 May 2013)

HMCS Cataraqui (Freedom Exercised on 25 October 2009

Princess of Wales’ Own Regiment: 1963. (Exercised on 4 May 2013)

2nd Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery: 1983. (Exercised in 1996 and 26 May 2012)

Communications and Electronics Branch: 31 August 2003.

1st Canadian Signal Regiment: 21 Jun 1975

The Correctional Service of Canada: 31 May 2015.

58 A/C A. Dwight Ross GC CBE CD, Royal Canadian Air Cadets: 28 May 2016.


1st Battalion The Royal Canadian Regiment: 1980.


Button’s Troop The Governor General’s Horse Guards: 2 October 2010.

351 Silver Star Royal Canadian Air Cadets Squadron: 27 May 2012.

883 Air Commodore Leonard Birchall Royal Canadian Air Cadets Squadron: 27 May 2012.


The Lorne Scots Regiment : 2009.


The Lorne Scots Regiment : 2 July 2014.

The Toronto Scottish Regiment: 20 September 2014.


The Lorne Scots Regiment : 1984.


The Ontario Regiment: 1966.


14th Battalion of Kingston: 1894.

1st Battalion The Royal Canadian Regiment: 1953.

2nd Battalion The Canadian Guards: 1964.

30th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA: 1968.

The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa: 24 May 1969.

Governor General’s Foot Guards: 1972.

3rd Field Engineer Squadron: 1977.

763 (Ottawa) Communications Regiment: 1978.

The Canadian Grenadier Guards: 1979.

HMCS Carleton, RCN: 1980.

4th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards: 1981.

28th Service Battalion: 1981.

Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry: 1985.

Royal Canadian Sea Cadet Corps “Falkland”: 1995.

HMCS Ottawa, RCN: 1996.

3rd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment: 1999.

26/28 Service Battalion: 2009.

33 Canadian Brigade Group: 2013.

7 Intelligence Company: 5 June 2016.

51 Squadron Aviation and Space Museum (RCAC): 19 June 2016.


The Royal Canadian Dragoons: 15 June 2019. 

Rideau Lakes

Canadian Forces School of Communications and Electronics: 2008.

Sault Ste. Marie

49th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA: 1 July 1967.

31 Service Battalion: 26 September 1987.

2310 (Sault Ste. Marie) Squadron Royal Canadian Army Cadets: 1998.


2nd Battalion The Irish Regiment of Canada: 9 May 2015.

Thunder Bay

HMCS Griffon, RCN: 4 November 2018.

18 Field Ambulance, RCMS: 4 November 2018.

The Lake Superior Scottish Regiment: 4 November 2018.


The Algonquin Regiment: 22 September 1977 (exercised on 22 September 2012)


3rd Battalion The Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada: 1948.

The Royal Regiment of Canada: 1962.

The 48th Highlanders of Canada: 1966.

The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery: 1966.

7th Toronto Regiment, RCA: May 1966

The Queen’s York Rangers: 1975.

709 (Toronto) Communications Regiment Signals Communications and Electronics Branch: 1978.

The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother’s Own): 1982.

400 Tactical Helicopter Squadron, RCAF: 1982.

HMCS Toronto: 1983.

HMCS York: 1983.

2nd Field Engineer Regiment: 1984.

32 Canadian Brigade Group: 1998.

The Royal Canadian Dragoons: 2000.

32 Signal Regiment, Royal Canadian Corps of Signals: 2017.


Trenton Air Cadet Summer Training Centre.

704 Airforce City Royal Canadian Air Cadets Squadron.

8 Wing CFB Trenton


UNICEF Team Canada: 2008.


31 Combat Engineer Regiment


Canadian Forces School of Communications and Electronics: 2008.


The Governor General’s Horse Guards: 16 June 2012.


The Windsor Regiment: 1940.

31 Service Battalion: 10 June 2017.

Prince Edward Island


HMCS Charlottetown, RCN: 2015.

The Royal Canadian Regiment.

PEI Corps Royal Canadian Sea Cadets: 15 September 2018.



35 Combat Engineer Regiment: 4 May 2014.


Le Régiment de Hull.


Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke


The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada: 1998.[141]
Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent: 1985.


Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent: 22 August 2010.


Canadian Grenadier Guards

Le Régiment de Maisonneuve

3rd Field Engineer Regiment (34 CER)

The Royal Canadian Hussars

The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada: August 1992

438 Tactical Helicopter Squadron

HMCS Montreal


The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada: 1997


The Correctional Service of Canada: 19 September 2018.

Quebec City

Royal 22e Régiment: 1975 (Exercised 3 July 2006).

HMCS Montcalm: 6 May 1995.

5e Régiment d’artillerie légère du Canada: 25 September 2004.

Soldiers from the Royal 22e Régiment exercising the Freedom of the City in front of Quebec City’s City Hall, on July 3, 2006.


Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent: 1991.


Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent: 1984.


Royal Military College Saint-Jean: 1 October 1977. (Exercised 1992, 1995, and 22 April 2012)


Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent.


Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke

Sherbrooke Hussars


The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada: Fall 1999.


2nd Field Regiment, RCA: 24 October 2015.

The Royal Montreal Regiment.

34 Signal Regiment 34 Canadian Brigade Group.


Moose Jaw

15 Wing Moose Jaw: 1978.

Prince Albert

The Saskatchewan Federal Penitentiary of the Correctional Service of Canada: 18 September 2017.


HMCS Queen, RCN: 1978.

734 Communication Squadron, Royal Canadian Corp of Signals: 1978.

HMCS Regina, RCN: 1996.

Royal Regina Rifles: 2 June 2007.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police: 25 May 2007.

38 Service Battalion: 12 September 2015.

10 Field Artillery Regiment: 12 September 2015.

16 Field Ambulance: 12 September 2015.

15 Wing Moose Jaw: 12 September 2015.

38 Signal Regiment Detachment Regina: 12 September 2015.


HMCS Unicorn, RCN: 1983.


10th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA: 18 May 1985



Whitehorse Cadet Summer Training Centre: 24 July 2009.



The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment: 12 November 2005. 


The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh’s Own): 8 May 2019. 



111 Provost Company Royal Military Police

Berlin (Spandau)

7 Flight Army Air Corps: 22 October 1982.


14 Signal Regiment: 10 July 1987.


The Corps of Royal Engineers: 3 June 1977.


39th Regiment, Royal Artillery: 15 March 1980.


26th Regiment, Royal Artillery: 10 August 2017.

Stadt Soest

3 Regiment Army Air Corps: 8 May 1993.


The Royal Military Police: 5 October 1990.


101 Provost Company Royal Military Police: 15 March 1982.



The Royal 22nd Regiment: 14 April 1993. [



Changalume Barracks: 31 March 2017.

New Zealand



The Corps of Royal New Zealand Engineers: 7 February 1959.



1st Battalion Nelson, Marlborough, West Coast Regiment: 1958.



Otago and Southland Regiment.

2nd/4th Battalion Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment: 27 September 2016.


New Plymouth

5th/7th Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment

8 (City of New Plymouth) Squadron, New Zealand Air Training Corps

City of New Plymouth Unit, New Zealand Cadet Corps: 21 October 2018.



Rhodesian African Rifles: 5 September 1964.

Royal Rhodesia Regiment: 5 September 1964.


Rhodesia Regiment: July 1968

Rhodesian Air Force: 25 May 1971.

Rhodesian Light Infantry: 25 July 1975.


1st Field Regiment, Rhodesia Artillery (Southern Rhodesia Artillery): 17 May 1975.

South Africa


The South African Irish Regiment: 2009.

The Transvaal Scottish Regiment: 2009.

The Witwatersrand Rifles Regiment: 2009.

The Regiment Botha: 2009.

Cape Town

The Cape Town Highlanders Regiment: 1967.

The Cape Town Rifles: 1967.


South African Navy: 15 September 2012.

Makhanda (formerly Grahamstown)

The First City Regiment: 4 September 1962.

The 6 South African Infantry Battalion: 31 March 1967.


The Transvaal Scottish Regiment: 13 December 1952.

The Witwatersrand Rifles Regiment: 24 April 1954.

The Rand Light Infantry: 27 September 1955.

The Light Horse Regiment: 5 September 1959.

The Transvaal Horse Artillery: 17 March 1963.

SAS Rand, SAN: 1963.

The South African Irish Regiment: 19 November 1966.

The Regiment Paul Kruger: 11 October 1969.

The Johannesburg Regiment: 27 February 1971.

The 2 Squadron, SAAF: 16 March 1984.

21 South African Infantry Battalion: 24 June 1986.

Area Military Health Unit Gauteng South African Military Health Service: 24 April 1990.

6 Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment: 31 October 2002.

United Kingdom

British Overseas Territories



The Royal Bermuda Regiment: 13 November 2015.

Falkland Islands

The Royal Marines: 8 December 1976.

The British Army: 14 June 2012.

The Royal Navy: 14 June 2012.

The Royal Air Force: 14 June 2012.

The Falkland Islands Defence Force: 14 June 2012.


The Royal Gibraltar Regiment: 25 September 1971.

The Royal Marines

1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment.

RAF Gibraltar: 2 April 2018.

Crown dependencies

Bailiwick of Jersey

The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 9 May 1992.

Isle of Man


RAF Jurby: 7 July 1955.


HMS Ramsey, RN: 24 April 2010.



RAF Abingdon: 1953.

The Royal Logistic Corps: 2006.


3 Regiment Army Air Corps: 23 June 2012.


The Hampshire Regiment: 11 September 1945.

The Canadian Army Overseas: 26 September 1945.

The Army Physical Training Corps: 1960.

The Corps of Royal Engineers: 20 May 1965.

The Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps: 27 June 1973.

The Royal Army Medical Corps: 27 June 1973.

The Royal Army Dental Corps: 27 June 1973.

Amber Valley

The Mercian Regiment: 26 January 2010.


MoD Boscombe Down: 8 April 2018.


2nd Battalion The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 18 July 2017.


The Royal Sussex Regiment: 1954.


The Intelligence Corps: 16 May 1979

The Queen’s Regiment: 13 June 1987

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 9 September 1992

133 Field Company REME (V): 7 May 2009

Aylesbury Vale

RAF Halton: October 2010.

Barking and Dagenham

The Royal Anglian Regiment: February 2010.


HMS Fantome, RN: 28 March 1942. (Awarded by the Friern Barnet Urban District Council)

HMS Musketeer, RN: 20 December 1941. (Awarded by the East Barnet Urban District Council)

HMS Cromer, RN: 14 March 1942. (Awarded by the East Barnet Urban District Council)

The Queen’s Regiment: 16 April 1970.

240 (Hertfordshire) Squadron Royal Corps of Transport (Volunteers): 21 October 1979.

B Company 6/7 (Volunteer) Battalion Queen’s Regiment: 1979.

3 Company 10th (Volunteer) Battalion Parachute Regiment: 1979.

The Corps of Royal Engineers: 24 July 1982.

RAF Hendon: 29 July 1986.

Royal Logistic Corps, Postal and Courier Services: 19 April 1994.

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 23 February 1998.

The Royal Air Force Museum: 26 October 2018.


The Yorkshire Regiment: 8 September 2013.


The Light Dragoons

The Yorkshire Regiment


The Commando Logistic Regiment, RM: 1 August 2018.


Royal Navy Submarine Service: 2001.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment.


The Royal Anglian Regiment: 9 June 2011.


The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 16 July 1966.

RAF Odiham: July 1968.


21st Signal Regiment (Air Support): November 2011


4th Battalion The Queen’s Royal Surrey Regiment (TA): 1964.


Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment: November 1955

RAF Cardington: 16 July 1959.

287 Regiment Royal Artillery: 5 May 1963.

201 (Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire Yeomanry) Battery Royal Artillery (Volunteers): 3 May 1986.

RAF Henlow: 26 September 1992.

1st Battalion Royal Anglian Regiment: 14 September 1993.

774th USAF Airbase Group: 15 December 1994.

134 (Bedford) Squadron Air Training Corps: 1 August 1999.


Coldstream Guards: 25 July 2000.

Bethnal Green

HMS Crane, RN: 1942.

114 (1st London) Army Engineer Regiment (TA): 27 April 1961.


17th Depot Regiment Royal Artillery

265 Support Squadron Kent and Sharpshooters Yeomanry: May 2010.


RAF Leconfield: 2 May 1968.


1 Regiment, RLC: 21 July 2018.


4th Battalion The Cheshire Regiment: 1960.


Royal Warwickshire Regiment: 1946.

Grenadier Guards

Coldstream Guards

Scots Guards

Welsh Guards

Irish Guards

Special Air Service

The Royal Marines: 16 March 2017.

HMS Birmingham, RN.

HMS Forward, RNR.

HMS Daring, RN.

RAF Cosford: 19 May 2018.

Blackburn with Darwen

The East Lancashire Regiment: 5 February 1948.

The Lancashire Regiment: 6 November 1958.

The Queen’s Lancashire Regiment: 25 March 1970.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 1 July 2006.


R (Blackpool) Battery 288 (2nd West Lancashire) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery (TA): 1961.

HMS Penelope, RN: 1990.

The 12th Regiment Royal Artillery: 9 July 2005.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: July 2017.

Blandford Forum

Queen’s Gurkha Signals: 11 September 2005.


253rd Regiment Royal Artillery (TA): 18 April 1964.

5th Battalion Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) (TA): 18 April 1964.

HMS Dido, RN: 14 April 1973.

216 (The Bolton Artillery) Battery 103rd (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers) Regiment Royal Artillery: 18 May 1994.

1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 14 March 2009.


The Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers: 27 June 2015.


9 Regiment Army Air Corps: 2 May 1992

6 Regiment Royal Logistic Corps: 7 May 2018.


RAF Coningsby: 16 May 1963.


The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 13 September 1945.

Bracknell Forest

Royal Military Academy Sandhurst: 13 July 1997.


The 70th (West Riding) Royal Field Regiment Royal Artillery (TA): 5 September 1945.

The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment: 26 April 1996.

The Yorkshire Regiment: 25 June 2010.


RAF Spadeadam: 18 June 2017.

Brentford and Chiswick

264th Field Regiment Royal Artillery: 5 May 1951.

917th Company Royal Army Service Corps: 5 May 1951.

21st A A (Mixed) Signal Squadron, Royal Corps of Signals (TA): 5 May 1951.

44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division Signals Regiment, Royal Corps of Signals (TA): 5 May 1951.

53rd Squadron, Royal Signals Army Cadet Force: 5 May 1951.


124 (Essex) Transport Squadron, RLC: 2015.


RAF Bridgnorth: 12 April 

Brighton and Hove

The Royal Sussex Regiment: 27 October 1944 (Borough of Brighton).

The Queen’s Regiment: 31 December 1966 (Borough of Brighton).

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 1996.


The Rifles: 2007.

39 Signal Regiment: 2019.


RAF Biggin Hill: 5 October 1980.


The Mercian Regiment: 20 January 2011.


The Royal Anglian Regiment: 2 July 2017.


170 (Infrastructure Support) Engineer group Royal Engineers: 2010.


The Royal British Legion: 18 June 2013.


HMS Active, RN: 1989.

Burton upon Trent

The North Staffordshire Regiment: 1946.

The Staffordshire Yeomanry: 1946.


207 (Manchester) Field Hospital Royal Army Medical Corps: 20 October 2017.

Bury St. Edmunds

HMS Vengeance, RN: 14 June 2017.

TS St Edmund Sea Cadet Corps: 14 June 2017.


The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment: 27 July 2002.


The Cambridgeshire Regiment: 29 September 1946.

104 (City of Cambridge) Squadron Air Training Corps: 1999.

Cannock Chase

The Mercian Regiment: 7 November 2012.


5th Battalion The Royal Regiment of Scotland: 27 November 2008.


RAF Spadeadam: 2 June 2018.


RAF Brize Norton: 21 April 2016.


The Royal Anglian Regiment: September 2006.

The 158 (Royal Anglian) Transport Regiment: April 2010.

The Royal Logistic Corps: April 2010.


40th Signal Regiment, Royal Signals (Middlesex Yeomanry) (TA): 21 December 1959.

London Irish Rifles, The Royal Ulster Rifles (TA): 21 December 1959.

101 (London) Field Engineer Regiment: 26 April 1960.


Central Flying School, RAF: 2 May 1962.

RAF Innsworth: October 1986.

Government Communications Headquarters: 13 May 2019.

Cheshire East

The Mercian Regiment: 27 May 2010.

Cheshire West and Chester

The Mercian Regiment: July 2008.


The Cheshire Regiment: 1948.

The Cheshire Yeomanry: 1996.

HMS Albion, RN: 2003.

1st Battalion The Mercian Regiment: 26 March 2008.

1st Battalion The Royal Welsh


The Sherwood Foresters: 17 July 1946.

The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment: 27 July 1970.

HMS Danae, RN: 12 February 1974.

The Mercian Regiment: 12 December 2007.

575 Field Squadron Royal Engineers (V): 20 July 2011.

The 9th/12th Royal Lancers: 10 February 2012.


Royal Sussex Regiment and its respective successors, the Queen’s Royal Regiment and the Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 30 June 1951.

RAF Tangmere, a Royal Air Force station which played a crucial role in the Battle of Britain: 1960

The Royal Military Police: 7 January 1981.


RAF Rudloe Manor: 1992.

Duke of Edinburgh’s Royal Regiment: 1994.

9 Regiment, Royal Logistic Corps: 19 January 2012.

1st Battalion The Rifles: 19 January 2012.


The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 2007.

3 Medical Regiment: 6 June 2015

The Lancashire Constabulary.


The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 19 October 1987.

The Devonshire and Dorset Regiment.

The Rifles: 1 May 2008.


156 Provost Company Royal Military Police: 8 April 1998.

16 Air Assault Brigade: February 2008.


The Cheshire Yeomanry: 1906.

The Cheshire Regiment: 1969.


Army Cadet Force: 27 June 2010.

Sea Cadet Corps: 27 June 2010.

Air Training Corps: 27 June 2010.


Royal Anglian Regiment: 3 May 2012.


Ministry of Defence Corsham: 26 June 2010.


29 Regiment RLC: 10 March 2005.


HMS Diamond, RN: 16 October 2014.


2nd Battalion The Mercian Regiment: 19 February 2015.

Crewe and Nantwich

The Cheshire Regiment: 1986.

1st Battalion The Mercian Regiment (Cheshire)


41 (Princess Louise’s Kensington) Signal Squadron Royal Corps of Signals (Volunteers): 1993.

151 Regiment RLC (Volunteers): 1993.

2 Company 10th Battalion The Parachute Regiment (Volunteers): 1993.

C Squadron Kent and Sharpshooters Yeomanry The Royal Yeomanry: 1993.

2nd Battalion The Rifles: 2010.


RAF Halton: 2009.

The Royal Anglian Regiment: 24 September 2014


The Light Infantry: 1996.

The Rifles: 17 Sep 2010.


Britannia Royal Naval College: 1955.


The Royal Marines: 14 February 1945. 


The Royal Navy Submarine Service: 28 April 2002.


The Royal Anglian Regiment: 7 November 2012.


The King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry: 1945.

RAF Finningley: 1975.

The Rifles: 8 September 2007.


Royal Mercian and Lancastrian Yeomanry (TA): 30 June 2012.

RAF Cosford: 4 December 2017.

63 Military Intelligence Company Intelligence Corps: 30 June 2019.


The Rifles: 2007.

HMS Bulwark, RN: 2010.

607 Squadron, RAF: 6 December 2017.


562 (Transport) Squadron 151 (London) Transport Regiment: 16 April 2013.


The Royal Sussex Regiment: 1951.


The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 14 September 1991.

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: September 1992.

Ellesmere Port and Neston

The Cheshire Regiment: June 1986.

The Mercian Regiment: 2007.


The Royal Anglian Regiment: 11 June 2011.

Epping Forest District

56 Squadron RAF: June 2018

Epsom and Ewell

135 Independent Geographic Squadron Royal Engineers (Reserve): 1999.

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 2010.


The Royal Marines: April 1977

243 (The Wessex) Field Hospital (V): July 2002

The Rifles (formerly The Devonshire and Dorset Regiment): June 2007

The Coldstream Guards: July 2011

RAF Brize Norton: July 2013

HMS Defender, RN: March 2014


RFA Mounts Bay, Royal Fleet Auxiliary: 25 April 2007.


HMS Collingwood: 2 July 1974.


HMS Tartar, RN: 1942.

461 (Middlesex) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery (Territorial Army): 26 February 1951.

HMS Tartar, RN: 14 August 1963.


2nd Battalion The Royal Gurkha Rifles: 18 June 2009.

The Canadian Armed Forces Serving Within the United Kingdom: 4 July 2018.


72 Engineer Regiment: 9 July 2011.

Gillingham, Dorset

Devonshire and Dorset Regiment: 1998

The Rifles: 2007

Gillingham Platoon of the Dorset Army Cadet Force: 2010

Gillingham, Kent

The Royal Engineers: 21 August 1953.


RAF Innsworth: 7 April 1960.

14 Signal Regiment: 28 April 1966.

The Rifles: 2 April 2011. 


The Engineering Training School Royal Navy: 1974.

The Royal Marines: 10 November 2005. 

33 Field Hospital 2nd Medical Brigade RAMC: 23 April 2010. 

HMS Sultan, RN: 22 March 2013. 


RAF Spitalgate: June 1952.


The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 19 July 2011. 

Great Aycliffe

124 Recovery Company (V) Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers: October 1987.

Great Yarmouth

901 Troop Royal Marines Cadets: 28 September 2012.

The Royal British Legion (Great Yarmouth Branch): 2 November 2012.

HMS Dauntless, RN: 11 June 2013.


The Royal Regiment of Artillery: 24 May 1966

The Royal Naval College: 24 May 1966


HMS Grimsby, RN: 2001.


Queen’s Royal Regiment: September 1945.

Queen’s Royal Surrey Regiment: 1959.

1st Battalion The Queen’s Regiment: 1 January 1967.

Women’s Royal Army Corps: 22 June 1988.

Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 1992.

Army Training Centre Pirbright: 7 March 2017.


3 Military Intelligence Battalion (Volunteers): 2008.


The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment: 18 June 1945.


The Cheshire Regiment: 1988.

Hammersmith and Fulham

Headquarters Squadron 31 Signal Regiment (Volunteers): 1981.

The Royal Yeomanry (TA): 26 January 2011.


The Royal Anglian Regiment: 7 April 2011.


The Essex Yeomanry: 25 April 2009

The Royal Anglian Regiment: 27 September 2012.


The Royal Anglian Regiment: 12 September 2013.


The Army Foundation College.


131 Independent Commando Squadron, Corps of Royal Engineers (Volunteers): 10 March 1983.

47 (Middlesex Yeomanry) Signal Squadron, 31st (Greater London) Signal Regiment Royal Corps of Signals: 10 March 1983.

257 (Southern) General Hospital Royal Army Medical Corps (Volunteers): 10 March 1983.

RAF Stanmore Park: 20 October 1988.

RAF Bentley Priory: 20 October 1988.

Roxeth & Harrow Coy, Church Lads’ & Church Girls’ Brigade 20 October 1994

Royal British Legion (Harrow Branch): 18 July 1996.

1454 (Harrow) Squadron Air Training Corps: 1 May 2014.


The Rifles: 19 March 2015.


The Queen’s Lancashire Regiment: 1964.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 2006.


The Royal Sussex Regiment: 1947.


47th Regiment Royal Artillery: 3 July 2012.


The Royal Anglian Regiment: Was in place as of September 2014.


Humberside and South Yorkshire Squadron Army Cadet Force: 1960.


HMS Seahawk, RN: 1958.


The Middlesex Regiment: 22 October 1955.

High Peak

The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment: 1974.

The Mercian Regiment: 18 December 2007.

The Royal British Legion (6 Local Branches): 7 November 2018.

High Wycombe

RAF High Wycombe: 1971.

7th Battalion The Rifles (TA): 9 June 2013.


RAF Uxbridge: 1960.

RAF Northolt: 2000.

47 (Middlesex Yeomanry) Signal Squadron: 2007


7th Battalion The Middlesex Regiment: 10 May 1948.


2nd Battalion the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers: 2009.

The Royal British Legion: 12 March 2017.


The Royal Sussex Regiment: 1958.


The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment: 2 July 1952.

The Yorkshire Regiment: 25 October 2008.


67th Special Operations Squadron, USAF: 4 October 2014.


RAF Wyton: 17 September 1955.

RAF Brampton: 1995.

The Royal Anglian Regiment: 21 January 2010.

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 23 November 2017.

The 501st Combat Support Wing, USAF: 21 September 2018.


RAF Wyton: 17 August 2013.


The Essex Regiment: 14 June 1947.

The 3rd East Anglian Regiment (16th/44th Foot): 9 September 1958.


1st Battalion The Suffolk Regiment: 1953.

HMS Ganges, RN: 27 July 1971.

HMS Quorn: 6 February 2011.

The Royal Anglian Regiment: September 2011.

4 Regiment Army Air Corps: 22 March 2002.

202 (Ipswich) Transport Squadron 158 (Royal Anglian) Transport Regiment (Volunteers)

Isle of Wight

Isle of Wight Troop 266 Port Squadron 165 Port and Maritime Regiment Royal Logistic Corps: 28 November 2015.


The Honourable Artillery Company: October 2009

The Islington Veterans’ Association: March 2015.

The Islington and Holloway Fire Stations of the London Fire Brigade: March 2018.


The Yorkshire Regiment: 2011. 


The Border Regiment: 25 October 1947.

The King’s Own Royal Border Regiment: 1 October 1959.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 1 July 2006.


The Army Phantom Signal Regiment: 6 October 1959.

Kennsington and Chelsea

The Royal Hospital Chelsea: 28 June 2006.

(City of London) Signal Regiment (V)

Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise’s) Signal Squadron 38 Signal Regiment

D Company (London Irish Rifles) The London Regiment

10 Company 4th Battalion, Parachute Regiment

21 Special Air Services Regiment (Artists Rifles) (V)

256 (City of London) Field Hospital (V)

The Royal Yeomanry

The University of London Air Squadron (V)

University of London Royal Naval Unit


The Royal Anglian Regiment: 14 December 2011.


The Mercian Regiment

King’s Lynn and West Norfolk

RAF Marham: 1981.

The Royal Anglian Regiment.

42F (King’s Lynn) Squadron Air Training Corps: 11 October 2014.

67th Special Operations Squadron USAF: 4 October 2014.

Kingston upon Hull

The East Yorkshire Regiment: 1 June 1944.

The Prince of Wales’s Own Regiment of Yorkshire: 5 June 1958.

The Yorkshire Regiment: 16 November 2006.

440 (Humber) light Anti-Aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery (TA): 28 June 1960.

440 (Humber) light Anti-Aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery (Territorials): 3 August 1967.

RAF Patrington: 16 May 1970.

150(N) Transport Regiment Royal Corps of Transport (Volunteers): 1 February 1990.

RRH Staxton Wold: 3 March 1994.

150 (Yorkshire) Transport Regiment Royal Logistic Corps (Volunteers): 3 March 1994.

HMS Iron Duke, RN: 3 March 1994.

250th Field Ambulance (Volunteer Unit): 15 July 1999.

Hull Unit Sea Cadet Corps: 27 February 2014.

Kingston upon Thames

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment

256 (City of London) Field Hospital (Volunteers): March 2009


3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Volunteers: 25 March 1979.

4th Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment: 25 October 2008.


The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 12 October 2009.


King’s Own Royal Regiment: 29 August 1953.


HMS Ledbury, Royal Navy: 2007.


RAF Church Fenton: 1971.

5th Battalion The Rifles: 1 August 2009.


The 9th / 12th Royal Lancers: 30 June 2011.


The Royal Sussex Regiment: 1953.


1475 (Dulwich) Squadron Air Training Corps (Date unknown)


The Staffordshire Regiment: 7 November 1960.

3rd Battalion The Mercian Regiment: 2007.

The Depot, The Prince of Wales’ Division, Lichfield: 25 April 1981.

The Army Training Regiment, Lichfield: 12 April 2000.

The Joint Medical Command, Whittington Barracks: 12 September 2011.

DMS Whittington: 28 September 2016.


RAF Waddington: 25 April 1959.

RAF Scampton: 14 May 1993.

The Grenadier Guards: 8 May 2008.


30 Commando, RM: 5 October 2013.


Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 14 September 2008.

War Widows Association (Merseyside Branch): 1 December 2014.

208 (3rd West Lancashire) Battery 103rd (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers) Regiment Royal Artillery: 14 October 2017.
City of London

Freedom of the City of London is a status into which only persons are admitted. The following units of HM Forces hold City Privileged Regiment status and consequently have the right to march through the City of London with drums beating, bayonets fixed and colours unfurled. Military units honoured in this fashion may only enter the City when the permission of the Lord Mayor of London has been sought and granted. All military units entering the City of London do so by permission of the Lord Mayor, they do not have ‘the Freedom’ even if they hold City Privileged Regiment status. Her Majesty’s forces have no general right of entry to the City unless the Lord Mayor has granted permission[citation needed]. A civic officer going by the title of the City Marshal escorts all military units of HM Forces through the City.

The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment): 1672.

City of London Imperial Volunteers: 12 January 1901.

The Royal Marines: 1924.

The Honourable Artillery Company: 1924.

The Grenadier Guards: October 1915.

The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers: 13 October 1924.

HMS Westminster, RN: 11 December 2005.

600 (City of London) Squadron, RAuxAF: 18 June 2010.

1475 (Dulwich) Squadron Air Training Corps: 2015.

HMS President, RN: 15 November 2016.

The Parachute Regiment

3 Military Intelligence Battalion The Intelligence Corps: 1 April 2019.


The Royal Anglian Regiment: June 19, 2007


The College of Air Warfare Manby: 21 October 1965. 


26 Engineer Regiment: 30 May 2015.

Lyme Regis

The Dorset Regiment: 1945.

The Devonshire and Dorset Regiment: 1958.

The Rifles: 2007.


7th Battalion The Cheshire Regiment: 1949.

1st Battalion The Mercian Regiment: 19 March 2009.


9 Regiment, Royal Logistic Corps: 29 June 2010.


The Manchester Regiment: 1946.

613 (City of Manchester) Squadron, RAuxAF: 1957.

The King’s Regiment: 1962.

The Grenadier Guards: 1964.

HMS Manchester, RN: 1998.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 16 April 2010.

207 (Manchester) Field Hospital (Volunteers): October 2011


The Air Training Corps: 1996.

The Army Cadet Force: 2001.

Market Drayton

1st Battalion The Royal Irish Regiment: 21 April 2012.

RAF Shawbury.


4 Military Intelligence Battalion: 28 June 2011.


The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 20 May 2015.


The Royal Corps of Engineers: 17 January 2008.

HMS Chatham, RN: 12 February 2011.

C Company 3rd Battalion The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 25 January 2018.

Royal Marines


2385 (Melksham) Squadron Air Training Corps: 12 May 2012.


The Defence Animal Centre: 1977.

HMS Quorn, RN: 18 March 2007.

Merton, Devon

The Coldstream Guards: 5 July 2011


The Green Howards: 13 May 1944.

The 34th (Northern) Signal Regiment (Volunteers): 29 April 1972.

HMS Marlborough, RN: 15 March 2000.

The Yorkshire Regiment: 25 October 2006.

Mid Sussex

The Royal Yeomanry: 23 July 2014.

Mole Valley

Defence Medical Rehabilitation Centre Headley Court: 25 May 2010.


The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment: 8 July 1967. 


RAF Cranwell: 2002.


42 Engineer Regiment (Geographic), RE: 1997.

Newcastle upon Tyne

The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers: February 1948.

The Northumberland Hussars: January 1969.

The 15th/19th The King’s Royal Hussars: May 1972.

HMS Newcastle, RN: March 1978.

101st (Northumbrian) Field Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers): January 1980.

201 (Northern) General Hospital Royal Army Medical Corps (Volunteers): July 1984.

The Royal Naval Reserve (Tyne Division): October 1985.

The Royal Marines: July 1989.

RAF Boulmer: 19 May 2018.


The Staffordshire Regiment: 1973.

New Forest

The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 8 July 1986.

17 Port and Maritime Regiment, RLC: 16 May 2016.


G Company 7th Battalion The Rifles: 23 June 2012.


Northampton Unit Sea Cadet Corps: 26 March 2012.

49th/12th Royal Lancers: 5 November 2012.[

North East Lincolnshire

45 Commando, RM: 16 May 2015.

North Tyneside

Royal British Legion (Whitley Bay and Forest Hall Branches): 15 October 2009.

2344 (Longbenton) Squadron Air Training Corps: 16 December 2014.


HMS Northumberland, RN: 2004.

39th Regiment Royal Artillery: 3 September 2005.

RAF Boulmer: 24 September 2010.

101st (Northumbrian) Regiment, Royal Artillery: 30 April 2016.

North Warwickshire

HMS Atherstone, RN: 1996.


1st East Anglian Regiment: 1964.

1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment: 1984.

RAF Marham: 2008.


The Sherwood Foresters: 1945.

The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment: 1970.

The Mercian Regiment: 15 October 2007.

73rd Engineer Regiment (Volunteers)

East Midlands Universities Air Squadron: June 2011

E Battery Royal Horse Artillery: 20 January 2014

MS Sherwood, RNR: 14 May 2018.

Nuneaton and Bedworth

Junior Leaders Regiment, Royal Artillery: 1972.

30th Signal Regiment: 2002.

250 Gurkha Signal Squadron: 2002.

2nd Battalion The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers: 12 September 2010.

Oadby and Wigston

B Squadron Leicestershire and Derbyshire Yeomanry, Royal Yeomanry: 17 April 2012


16 Regiment, RA: 24 April 2013.


RAF Odiham: June 2000.


41st (Oldham) Royal Tank Regiment (TA): 3 March 1954.

75 Engineer Regiment (Volunteers): 13 June 1999


Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry: 1 October 1945.

1st Green Jackets (43rd and 52nd): 7 November 1958.

Royal Green Jackets: 1 January 1966.

The Rifles: 1 February 2007.


4624 (County of Oxford) Movements Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force: May 2013.


RAF Wittering: 1983.

115 (Peterborough) Squadron Air Training Corps: 28 April 2014.


42 Commando, RM: 1955. 

The Merchant Navy: 22 March 2009.

The Rifles: 25 September 2010. 

The Royal Naval Reserve


The Rifles: 19 March 2010.


The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 20 May 1950.

The Royal Marines: 1959

Portsmouth Command of the Royal Navy: 1965

HMS King Alfred: 2003

HMS Endurance: 2007


The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire): 7 August 1952. (This was subsequently transferred to:)

The Queen’s Lancashire Regiment: 9 September 1972.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 1 July 2006.

The 14th/20th King’s Hussars: 6 November 1992.

The Kings Royal Hussars


Bovington Camp: 2010.


Ramsey Division Army Cadet Force: 2 September 2018.


The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 1959.


The Duke of Edinburgh’s Royal Regiment: 1960.

The Rifles: 8 May 2016.


3rd Battalion (16th/44th Foot) Royal Anglian Regiment: 18 May 1965.

45th (Essex) Signal Regiment (TA): 18 May 1965.

36 (Eastern) Signal Regiment: 1967.

Redcar and Cleveland

The Yorkshire Regiment: 2008.


The Mercian Regiment: 20 May 2009.

37 Signal Regiment: 28 June 2014.

Ribble Valley

The 14th/20th King’s Hussars: 24 August 1992.

The King’s Royal Hussars: 2 December 1992.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 10 March 2011.


The Yorkshire Regiment

The Royal Corps of Signals

HMS Richmond, Royal Navy

The RAF Regiment

150 Provost Company Royal Military Police: 22 April 2006.

1 Close Support Battalion Royal Electrical & Mechanical Engineers in 2012.

The Royal British Legion in 2013.

Richmond upon Thames

HMS Richmond, RN: 2002

The Royal Military School of Music: 2007

The Poppy Factory: 12 December 2018.


The Royal Engineers: 27 July 1949.

RAF Leeming: 14 September 2015.[


The Lancashire Fusiliers: 5 June 1947.

The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers: 24 August 1977.

HMS Middleton, RN: 20 May 1992.


The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 26 September 1959.

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment inherited the Freedom from the Royal Hampshire Regiment as a result of the 1992 Options for Change merger with the Queen’s Regiment.


Queen’s Lancashire Regiment: June 2004.


The Rifles: 13 July 2013.


The Yorkshire Regiment: 3 August 2009.

Royal Wootton Bassett

8 Training Battalion Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers: 6 July 2017.


94 Signal Squadron Berkshire Yeomanry: 25 July 2009.


RAF Newton: 1984

Rushmoor, Hampshire

The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 20 May 1981.

The Royal Military Police: 22 March 1984.

The Royal Army Physical Training Corps: 17 September 2011.

The Royal Gurkha Rifles: 30 July 2015


The Lancashire Fusiliers: 18 October 1947.

The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers: 26 April 1975.


The Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry: 1944.

Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment: October 2004.

The Rifles: 20 November 2010.

32nd Regiment, Royal Artillery: 7 July 2016.

The Royal Military Police: 13 June 2018.


The Mercian Regiment: 29 June 2014

The Royal Military Academy Sandhurst: 1997.[519]

The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment – Oldbury

210 (Staffordshire) Battery, Royal Artillery (Volunteers) – West Bromwich

237 Transport Squadron, The Royal Army Logistics Corps (Volunteer) – West Bromwich

Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers – Rowley Regis and Smethwick

3rd Battalion of The Mercian Regiment – Sandwell

116 Provost Company Royal Military Police TA (West Bromwich) – Sandwell: 9 January 2007.

4 Regiment Royal Military Police: 9 January 2007.


64 Medical Squadron 5 Medical Regiment: 2007.

3 Medical Regiment: May 2015.

The Yorkshire Regiment


HMS Ariadne, RN: 1984.


238 (Sefton) Squadron 156 Regiment Royal Corps of Transport: 6 March 1982.

238 (Sefton) Squadron 156 (North-West) Transport Regiment Royal Logistic Corps (Volunteers): 13 April 2002.

RAF Woodvale: 3 July 2011.

HMS Mersey, RN: 17 November 2016.

The Royal Military Police: 19 January 2017.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 20 June 2017.


The Devonshire and Dorset Regiment: 1998.

The Rifles: 5 September 2009.


The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment: 13 April 2002.

106 Field Squadron Royal Engineers: 2002.


HMS Shoreham, RN: 17 February 2011.


HMS Talent, RN: 7 June 2002.

1st The Queen’s Dragoon Guards: 10 December 2014.

The Rifles: 9 September 2016.


The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment: 4 May 1991.[

Snaith and Cowick

51 Squadron, RAF: 13 May 2013


The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 25 April 1946.

17 Port and Maritime Regiment, RLC: 26 January 2000.

HMS Southampton, RN: 26 January 2000.


1st Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment: 17 June 2010.

South Derbyshire

1211 (Swadlincote) Squadron Air Training Corps: 2 November 2017.

South Ribble

The King’s Royal Hussars: 1992.

South Tyneside

HMS Euryalus, RN: 1981.

205 (3rd Durham Volunteer Artillery) Battery Royal Artillery: 2007.

South Shields Volunteer Life Brigade: 11 May 2017.


256 (City of London) Field Hospital (Volunteers): 30 June 2013.

The Royal Marines Reserve (City of London): 30 June 2013.

D Company The London Regiment: 30 June 2013.

2nd Battalion The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment.


The Duke of Wellington’s Regiment: 24 February 1959.


RAF Stafford: 16 December 1954. 

22 Signal Regiment: 19 April 2008.

Tactical Supply Wing RAF: 19 April 2008.

3rd Battalion The Mercian Regiment.

HMS Collingwood, RN.

Staffordshire Police.

Staffordshire Fire and Rescue Service.


RAF Wittering: 1 July 1961.

St Albans

HMS St Albans, RN: 18 June 2004.

201 (Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire Yeomanry) Parachute Battery RA (V): 8 July 2012.

St Edmundsbury, East Anglia

RAF Honington: 1972.

United States 3rd Air Force: June 2004.

677 Squadron Army Air Corps (Volunteers): 12 December 2006.

3 Regiment Army Air Corps (Wattisham): 22 June 2010.

HMS Vengeance, RN: 18 May 2017.

St Edmund Unit Sea Cadet Corps: 18 May 2017.

St Helens

The Royal Military Police Association (Merseyside Branch): 29 February 2012.

St Ives, Cambridgeshire

42 Engineer Regiment, RE: 3 July 2018.

St Neots

The Royal Anglian Regiment: 5 July 2014.

423d Air Base Group, USAF: 5 July 2014.

2500 (St Neots) Squadron Royal Air Force Air Cadets: 19 October 2017.


The Cheshire Regiment: 1969.

1st Battalion The Mercian Regiment: 11 November 2010.


1 Close Support Battalion Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers.

The Rifles.

The Yorkshire Regiment.


The Queen’s Royal Lancers: 4 December 2013.


Wattisham Airfield: 26 March 2010.


463 (mixed) Heavy Anti – Aircraft Regiment: 10 October 1951.

The Durham Light Infantry: 10 October 1951.

582 Light Anti – Aircraft Searchlight Regiment: 10 October 1951.

4th Regiment Royal Artillery: 19 December 1973.

251 (Sunderland) Field Ambulance RAMC (V): 24 April 1985.

HMS Arrow, RN: 14 October 1989.

HMS Ocean, RN: 26 July 2004.

3rd Battalion The Rifles: 10 September 2010.

Surrey Heath

Royal Military Academy Sandhurst: 20 January 2014.


The Wiltshire Regiment: 1960.

RAF Lyneham: May 1964.

The Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry: 2002.

The Rifles: 9 April 2016.


The King’s Regiment: 22 October 1994.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 17 April 2007.

The Mercian Regiment: 21 May 2013.


Tamworth and Wilnecote Unit St. John Ambulance: 25 September 2015.

Royal British Legion: 2014.

Royal Naval Association: 2014.

Mercian Regimental Association: 2014.

Royal Air Force Association: 2014.

The Mercian Regiment.

The Defence Medical Services.

RFA Fort Rosalie, Royal Fleet Auxiliary.

Taunton Deane

The Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry: 30 September 1961. (Borough of Taunton)

10 Commando, RM: 2003.

The Light Infantry

Telford and Wrekin

The Rifles: 29 May 2010.

Test Valley

22 Engineer Regiment, RE: 28 April 1982.

The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 25 June 1986.

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 9 September 1992.

The Army Air Corps: 25 September 1987.

School of Army Aviation: 25 September 1987.


Central Vehicle Depot Ashchurch RAOC: 5 June 1971.

The Gloucestershire Regiment: 30 March 1974.

RAF Innsworth: 28 April 1977.

The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment: 15 February 2000.

Allied Rapid Reaction Corps: 17 September 2012.

Allied Rapid Reaction Corps Support Battalion: 17 September 2012.


The Royal School of Military Survey: 20 July 2011.


RAF Honington: 9 June 2019.


The Burma Star Association (Thurrock Branch): 26 November 2008.


HMS Hermes, RN.

HMS Enterprise, RN.

Tonbridge and Malling

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment.

29 Squadron, RAF.


HMS Torbay: 20 May 2015.

RAF Brize Norton: 21 June 2018.


HMS Raleigh, RN: 1997.

Tower Hamlets

114 (1st London) Army Engineer Regiment (TA): 27 April 1961.


14th Regiment Royal Artillery: 28 June 2014.


The Rifles: 1 June 2009. 

Tunbridge Wells

HMS Brilliant, RN: 20 November 1982.

579 Field Squadron (EOD)(V): 18 October 2008.

Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 15 July 2013.


2223 (Ulverston) Squadron Air Training Corps: 18 April 2015.


2nd Battalion The Royal Anglian Regiment: 3 May 2016.


33 Engineer Regiment, RE: 2009.

101 Engineer Regiment, RE: 14 October 2011.


RAF Uxbridge: 18 March 1960.

Vale Royal

The Cheshire Regiment: 1988.[

Vale of White Horse

3 Regiment RLC: 11 May 2016.

4 Regiment RLC: 11 May 2016.

The Rifles: 11 May 2016.


The King’s Own Yorkshire Light Infantry: 1945.

The Yorkshire Regiment: 13 March 2010.

The Rifles: 11 September 2010.


RAF Benson: 1957.


The South Staffordshire Regiment: 1946.

The Staffordshire Regiment: 1959.

The Mercian Regiment: 2007.

Waltham Forest

68 (ICCY) Signal Squadron: 1998.


The London Regiment: 1992.

2nd Battalion Royal Tank Regiment: 2011.

The Royal Marines Reserve: 30 January 2017.

Wanstead and Woodford

45th (Essex) Signal Regiment (Volunteers): 1963.


Scots Guards: 2 August 2010.

HMS Queen Elizabeth, RN: 14 October 2019.

Freedoms within Vale of White Horse and Oxfordshire apply to Wantage


3rd Battalion The Yorkshire Regiment: 21 September 2012.


South Lancashire Regiment: 17 September 1947.

The Queen’s Lancashire Regiment: 25 March 1970.

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 1 July 2006.

75 Engineer Regiment: 20 May 2013.


MoD Kineton: 4 April 2013.

The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers: 26 November 2013.


Royal Regiment of Fusiliers: 28 March 2014.


1st East Anglian Regiment: 1959.

Royal Anglian Regiment: 1964.


2nd Battalion The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 15 June 2011.


The Somerset Light Infantry: 6 April 1956.

HMS Somerset, RN.

The Rifles.


RAF Shawbury: 1 August 2018.

West Lancashire

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 22 October 2011.

City of Westminster

HMS Westminster, RN: 11 December 2005.


40 Commando, RM: 21 June 2014.

Weymouth and Portland

HMS Portland, RN: 2009.

Weymouth Unit Sea Cadet Corps: 23 January 2017.


Whitehaven Unit Sea Cadet Corps: 27 June 2010.

Whitehaven Detachment Army Cadet Force: 27 June 2010.

1030 (Whitehaven) Squadron Air Training Corps: 27 June 2010.

1st Battalion The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 20 May 2013.


D Squadron (TA Reserve) Royal Mercian and Lancastrian Yeomanry: 27 February 2008

The Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment: 2 December 2019.

Wimborne Minster

The Rifles: 2010.


1st Regiment Army Air Corps: 26 May 2016.


The Royal Army Pay Corps: 1970.

The Adjutant General’s Corps: 1996.

Winchester Army Training Regiment: 17 April 2004.

The Royal Hampshire Regiment: 15 September 1945.

The Kings Royal Hussars 1946

The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort’s Own): 1946.

The Royal Green Jackets: 1 January 1966.

The Rifles: 1 February 2007.

Windsor and Maidenheadhe Royal Berkshire Regiment: 1959

The Duke of Edinburgh’s Royal Regiment: 1960

The Household Cavalry: 1965

The Brigade of Guards: 1968

The Berkshire Yeomanry: 1993

The Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment: 1999

The Rifles: 2006


The Cheshire Regiment: 1996.

The Royal Marines: 1998.

1st Battalion The Mercian Regiment: 2009.

234 (Wirral) Transport Squadron, RLC (Volunteers): 18 February 2012.

107 (Lancashire and Cheshire) Field Squadron (Volunteers): 18 February 2012.

HMS Astute, RN: 6 July 2015.

Wallasey Sea Cadet Corps: 6 July 2015.


The Army training centre Pirbright December 2016


The Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers: 21 October 1978.


Defence College of Aeronautical Engineering, DCAE Cosford

The Staffordshire Regiment

210 (Staffordshire) Battery 106th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery

West Midlands Fire Service

HMS Forward RMR.


23 Parachute Engineer Regiment: 2011.

The Royal Air Force: 11 June 2016.

The Royal British Legion (Woodbridge Branch): 11 June 2016.

Wood Green

7th Battalion The Middlesex Regiment: 20 September 1945.


The Royal Artillery: 28 March 1954.


The Worcestershire Regiment: 15 April 1950.

The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment: 1970.

The Mercian Regiment: 1 September 2007.

The Queen’s Royal Hussars: 2014.


H (Worthing Company) 2nd Volunteer Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment: 1901.

The Princess of Wales’s Royal Regiment: 4 July 1949.


The Mercian Regiment: 29 March 2011.


RAF High Wycombe: April 2011.


RNAS Yeovilton: 1962


The Royal Dragoon Guards: 24 April 1999.

2 Signals Regiment: January 2001.

A Squadron The Queen’s Own Yeomanry: 3 December 2009.

RAF Linton on Ouse: 19 September 2010.

The Queen’s Gurkha Signals: 8 September 2015.



4th Battalion, The Royal Regiment of Scotland: 1 July 2006.


45 Commando, RM: 2003.

The Black Watch Regiment: 2006.


The King’s Own Scottish Borderers: 1953.


The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment): 1954.

East Lothian

1st Battalion The Royal Scots Borderers: 2012.

E Squadron The Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry: 6 July 2019.


The Rifles: 5 November 2012.

603 Squadron RAF: 3 July 2018


The Highland Light Infantry

Royal Marines: 1 November 2014


The Royal Regiment of Scotland: 15 October 2015.


The Queen’s Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons): 1961.


The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) : March 1996.


The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment): 19 July 1947.

The Royal British Legion (Scotland): 8 May 2004.

51st Highland Volunteers The Royal Regiment of Scotland: 8 May 2010.

South Ayrshire

A Squadron Queen’s Own Yeomanry

HMS Gannet, RN: 17 July 2009.

RAF Prestwick: 17 July 2009.


The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders: 1947. 

43 Squadron RAF: 2005.

The Royal Regiment of Scotland: 10 March 2012.


HMS Sutherland, RN: March 2011.



The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 2 September 1989.


The Welsh Guards: 1955.


RAF Valley: 1974.

The Royal Welsh: 8 December 2011.

The Royal Naval Submarine Service: 28 May 2019. 


The Royal Welch Fusiliers 5 November 1975.


The Royal Welsh: 23 July 2011.


RAF St Athan: 1959. 


1st Battalion The Royal Welsh: 25 September 2010.

Blaenau Gwent

The Royal Welsh: 19 February 2011.


The South Wales Borderers: 11 June 1948.

Gurkha Demonstration Company The Brigade of Gurkhas: 21 November 1985. 7

The Small Arms School Corps: 20 April 2017.


The Royal Welsh: 30 August 2008.

The Welsh Guards: 11 May 2011.


The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 1946.

The Royal Welsh: 25 April 2009.


The Royal Welsh: 26 September 2010.


The Welch Regiment: 10 June 1944.

The Welsh Guards: 7 April 1957.

The Royal Regiment of Wales: 11 June 1969.

The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 7 November 1973.

The 1st The Queen’s Dragoon Guards: 29 July 1985.

HMS Cardiff, RN: 3 February 1988.

203 (Welsh) Field Hospital 2nd Medical Brigade: 21 April. 2014

HMS Dragon, RN: 18 May 2014.


The Welch Regiment: 1945.

The Royal Regiment of Wales: 1969.

The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 8 July 1998.


2nd Battalion The Royal Welsh: 2008.


2nd Battalion The Royal Welsh: 25 April 2009.

The Welsh Guards: 24 June 2020. 


1st Battalion The Rifles; 17 November 2011.


The Royal Air Force.


The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 19 April 1958.

1st Battalion The Royal Welsh: 20 September 2010.

Cowbridge with Llanblethian

RAF St Athan.


The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 24 April 1976.


1st Battalion The Royal Welsh: 13 June 2011.


384th Anti-tank Regiment Royal Artillery: 1947.


The Royal Welsh: 24 April 2009.


HMS Goldcrest: 1964.

14 Signal Regiment: 4 March 2009.


RAF Valley: September 1995.

Llandudno Lifeboat Station, RNLI: January 2002.

203 (Welsh) Field Hospital (Volunteers) RAMC: 19 September 2009.

Merthyr Tydfil

The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 15 April 1994.


The Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers: 1953.

HMS Monmouth, RN: 18 January 2004.


The Royal Welsh: 4 March 2011.

Neath Port Talbot

The Royal Regiment of Wales: July 1993.

The Royal Welsh: 2006.


The 104th Regiment Royal Artillery (TA): 1978.

The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 15 September 2001.

HMS Severn, RN: 19 June 2006.


HMS Pembroke, RN: 15 September 2006.

1st Battalion The Royal Welsh: 15 September 2018.

Pembroke Dock

HMS Pembroke, RN: 15 September 2006. 


2426 (Pencoed) Squadron Air Training Corps: 4 December 2014.


The Welsh Guards: 2011.


119 (Holywell) Recovery Company (V) Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers: 12 September 1992.

Rhondda Cynon Taf

The Royal Welsh: 2010.

The Welsh Guards: 15 May 2013.

MOD St Athan: 2 June 2018.

St Davids

245 Signal Squadron 14 Signal Regiment: 12 May 1997. 

948 (Haverfordwest and St Davids) Squadron Air Training Corps: 2 May 2020.


The Welsh Guards: 15 September 1948.

The Welch Regiment: 17 February 1960.

The Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers: 15 April 1978.

The Royal Regiment of Wales: 20 February 1981.

HMS Arethusa, RN: 27 June 1981.

Her Majesty’s Coastguard (Swansea Station): 8 December 1982.

The Mumbles Lifeboat Station, RNLI: 23 April 1987.

The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 1 March 1994.

HMS Scott, RN: 15 September 2006.

The Royal Welsh: 13 September 2008.

1st The Queen’s Dragoon Guards: 2009.

215 (City of Swansea) Squadron, Air Training Corps: 12 March 2016.

HMS Cambria, RNR: 17 March 2018.

157 (Welsh) Regiment, RLC: 27 July 2019.


HMS Tenby, RN 


Royal Welsh: 5 June 2010.

Vale of Glamorgan

RAF St Athan: 18 May 1974.

The Merchant Navy Association: 16 April 2005.

The Welsh Guards: 16 March 2006.

The Royal Welsh: 21 February 2009.

203 (Welsh) Field Hospital (Volunteers) RAMC: 17 April 2010.

HMS Cambria, RN: 31 March 2012.


Royal Welch Fusiliers: 5 June 1946.

101 Force Support Battalion, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers: 5 April 2013.

The Welsh Guards: 18 July 2014.

Wrexham Maelor

The Royal Welch Fusiliers: 17 September 1983.

Northern Ireland


The Police Service of Northern Ireland: 25 March 2012.


The Royal Ulster Rifles: 6 February 1954.

The Royal Sussex Regiment: 1961.


The Ulster Defence Regiment: 1984.

The Ulster Special Constabulary Association: 1992.

The Regimental Association of the Ulster Defence Regiment: 1994.

The Royal Irish Regiment: 1995.

The Royal British Legion: 1996.

The 204 (North Irish) Field Hospital Royal Army Medical Corps (Volunteers): 1998.

The Royal Ulster Constabulary GC: 2000.

The Northern Ireland Prison Service: 2004.

The 152 (North Irish) Regiment RLC (Volunteers): 25 May 2013.

The 152 Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Workshops: 25 May 2013.

The Police Service of Northern Ireland: December 2014.

Causeway Coast and Glens

152 (Ulster) Transport Regiment, RLC: 25 October 2008.

206 (Ulster) Battery, Royal Artillery (Volunteers): 2015.

The Royal Air Force: 31 May 


The Ulster Defence Regiment: 28 March 1981.

206 (Ulster) Battery, Royal Artillery (Volunteers): 1992.


The Royal Irish Regiment: 1 November 2008.


The Royal Irish Regiment: May 2011

Mid and East Antrim

B Squadron Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry: 31 January 2016.



3 March 1989: Bulawayo District Zimbabwe National Army.

3 March 1989: 1 Brigade Zimbabwe National Army.

Sourced from Wikipedia

You Tube DVD credited to The Big Drum