Timeline of the Napoleonic era
Timeline of the Napoleonic era from (1799–1815). The Napoleonic era began in the year of 1799 with Napoleon Bonaparte’s coup d’état, that overthrew the Directory and established the French Consulate. It ended in the year of 1815 during the Hundred Days with his defeat at the Battle of Waterloo or a few days later when he abdicated for the second time.
Napoleon Bonaparte (French: Napoléon Bonaparte [napoleɔ̃ bɔnɑpaʁt], Italian: Napoleone Buonaparte; 15th August 1769 – 5th May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe.
August 15th: Napoleon Bonaparte born in Ajaccio,
October 28th: Graduates from Ecole Militaire with the rank of second lieutenant in the artillery.
November 3rd: Stationed in Valence
December 22nd: For his brilliant tactical command (although a subordinate officer, he was widely credited for the victory) at an internal French battle at Toulon, Napoleon receives the new rank of brigadier general
August 9th–20th: Napoleon is imprisoned under suspicion of being a Jacobin and a supporter of Robespierre.
October: Royalist 13 Vendémiaire rising put down by Napoleon. Barras helps Napoleon win promotion to Commander of the Interior.
October 15th: At the home of Paul François Barras, a Directory member, Napoleon meets Rose de Beauharnais (Josephine)
2nd November: Directory established
March 2nd: Napoleon is given command of the French army in Italy
March 11th: Italian campaign against Austria begins
May 10th: Napoleon wins the Battle of Lodi
November 17th: Napoleon wins the Battle of Arcole
January 14th: Napoleon wins the Battle of Rivoli
October 17th: Treaty of Campo-Formio with Austria.
December 5th: Napoleon returns to Paris as a hero
May 19th: Napoleon begins his Egyptian campaign with an army of 38,000
July 21st: Wins Battle of the Pyramids against Mamelukes in Egypt
July 24th: Fall of Cairo
August 2nd: Under the command of Admiral Nelson, the British fleet destroys the French navy in the Battle of the Nile. Napoleon’s army is cut off from supplies and communication.
August 23rd: Receiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon relinquishes command in Egypt and returns to Paris, a so-called Coup d’état
November 9th–10th: Coup of Brumaire Napoleon overthrows the Directory.
December 12th: Napoleon elected First Consul of the Consulate.
June 14th: Battle of Marengo.
December 24th: Napoleon escapes an assassination attempt
February 9th: Treaty with Austria signed at Lunéville: Treaty of Lunéville.
Concordant of 1801.
July 8th: Battle of Algeciras.
March 25th: Treaty of Amiens.
May 1st: Napoleon restructures French educational system
May 19th: Legion of Honour established
August 2nd: New constitution adopted, plebiscite confirms Napoleon as First Consul for life
March 21st: Introduction of the Civil Code (also known as Code Napoleon)
May: Napoleon proclaimed Emperor by the Senate.
December 2nd: Napoleon crowns himself Emperor, in the company of the Pope.
October 19th: Battle of Ulm.
October 21st: Battle of Trafalgar.
Admiral Lord Nelson Killed.
October 30th: Battle of Caldiero.
December 2nd: Battle of Austerlitz.
March 30th: Napoleon names his brother, Joseph Bonaparte, king of Naples, and appoints other family members to various other posts
July 12th: Confederation of the Rhine, Napoleon as ‘protector’. Initially had 16 member states, later others added, including kingdoms of Saxony and Westphalia
Holy Roman Empire abolished
September 15th: Prussia joins Britain and Russia against Napoleon
October 14th: Battle of Jena
October 14th: Battle of Auerstadt.
November 21st: The Berlin Decree (1806), which initiated the Continental System was issued.
February 8: Battle of Eylau.
June 14th: Battle of Friedland.
June 25th: Treaty of Tilsit signed between Russia and France.
October : Napoleon and Spain divide Portugal through a secret treaty
March 17th: Imperial University established
May 2nd: Spanish people rise up against France. Often referred to as Dos de Mayo Uprising.
July 7th: Joseph crowned King of Spain, after Portugal revolts against the Continental System/Blockade Napoleon had put in place. Napoleon collected 5 armies to advance into Portugal and ‘bullied’ the Spanish royal family into resigning.
April 19th Battle of Raszyn.
May 22nd: Battle of Aspern-Essling.
July 5–6: Battle of Wagram – Success for Napoleon, Austria loses territory and must enforce the Continental System
October 14th: Treaty of Schönbrunn signed.
March 20th: Napoleon’s son born, referred to as the “King of Rome”
July 22th: Battle of Salamanca
August 4th–6th: Battle of Smolensk.
September 1st: Moscow evacuated.
September 7th, 1812: Battle of Borodino.
September 14th: Napoleon arrives in Moscow to find the city abandoned and set alight by the inhabitants; retreating in the midst of a frigid winter, the army suffers great losses.
October 19th: Beginning of the Great Retreat.
October 24th: Battle of Maloyaroslavets.
November: Crossing of the River Berezina.
December: Grande Armée expelled from Russia.
April 2nd: Battle of Luneburg
May 2nd: Battle of Lützen.
May 20th–21st: Battle of Bautzen.
June 4th–26th: Armistice of Poischwitz.
June 21st: Battle of Vitoria.
August 15th: Siege of Danzig.
August 23rd: Battle of Großbeeren.
August 26th–27th: Battle of Dresden.
August 26th: Battle of Katzbach.
August 27th: Battle of Hagelberg
August 29th–30th: Battle of Kulm.
September 6th: Battle of Dennewitz.
September 16th: Battle of the Göhrde.
September 28th: Battle of Altenburg.
October 3rd: Battle of Wartenburg.
October 14th: Battle of Liebertwolkwitz.
October 16th–19th: Battle of Leipzig.
October 30th–31st: Battle of Hanau.
December 7th: Battle of Bornhöved.
December 10th: Battle of Sehestedt.
February 10th–14th: Six Days Campaign.
March 30th–31st: Battle of Paris.
April 4th: Napoleon abdicates his rule and Louis XVIII, a Bourbon, is restored to the French throne
April 11th: Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814) Napoleon agrees to exile in Elba, the allies agree to pay his family a pension.
May 4th: Napoleon is exiled to Elba; his wife and son take refuge in Vienna
Main: Hundred Days: Timeline
see also:Diplomatic timeline for 1815
February 20th: Napoleon escapes from Elba.
March 20th: Napoleon arrives in Paris.
Beginning of the Hundred Days
June 18th: Battle of Waterloo.
June 28th: Restoration of Louis XVIII
October 16th: : Napoleon is exiled to Saint Helena
May 5th: Napoleon dies
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