Edwin Noel Westby Bramall
Field Marshal Edwin Noel Westby Bramall, Baron Bramall KG, GCB, OBE, MC, JP, DL was born 18th of December 1923 was a British Army Officer who served as Chief of General Staff, the professional head of the British Army, between 1979 to 1982, and as Chief of the defence Staff, professional head of the British Armed Forces, from 1982 to 1985. he developed the concept of the “Fifth pillar” pulling together the activities of defence attaches to form a structure for intervention in smaller countries.
Born the son of Edmund Haselden Bramall and Katherine Bridget Bramall (née Westby),and educated at Eaton Collage, Bramall was commissioned into the King`s Royal Rifle Corps on 22nd May 1943.He took part in the Normandy landings in 1944and served with his regiment in Northwest Europe during the later stages of World War II, receiving the Military Cross on 1st March 1945.He was promoted to lieutenant on 18th June 1946and served in the occupation of Japan from 1946, before becoming an instructor at the School of Infantry in 1949.Promoted to captain on 18th December 1950,he was stationed in the Middle East from 1953 and was then promoted to major on 18th December 1957.Continuing his military career, he served two years as an instructor at the Staff College, Camberley from 1958, and then was appointed to serve on Lord Mountbatten`s staff in 1963.
Appointed OBE in the New Year Honours in 1965, and promoted to lieutenant colonel on 25th January 1965, he was appointed Commanding Officer of 2nd Royal Green Jackets which was deployed to Borneo in Spring 1966 during the Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation where his actions earned him a mention in despatches. He was given command of 5th (Airportable) Infantry Brigade in November 1967 with promotion to Brigadier on 31st December 1967.
He was made General Officer Commanding on the 1st Division on the 6th January 1972, with the substantive rank of Major-General from the 6th April 1972,Commander of British Forces in Hong Kong with the rank of Lieutenant-General on the 1st December 1973and appointed KCB in the New Year Honours 1974. He also went on to be Commander-in-Chief, UK Land Forces on the 15th May 1976 and was promoted to full General on the 25th June 1976. He was appointed Vice-Chief of Defence Staff(Personnel and Logistics) on the 20th March 1978, advanced to GCB in the New Year Honours 1979, before being made ADC General to the Queen on the 26th June 1979 and appointed Chief of General Staff on the 14th July 1979. In this role he strongly supported the plan in May 1982 to land troops at San Carlos Water and then advance rapidly from those positions at the early stages of the Falkland War.
He was promoted to Field Marshal on the 1st August 1982 and appointed to Chief of Defence Staff on the 1st October 1982. In this capacity he developed the concept of the “Fifth Pillar” pulling together the activities of defence attaches to form a structure for intervention in smaller countries. He retired in November 1985.
He was also Colonel of the 3rd Battalion the Royal Green Jackets from December 1973, Colonel of the 2nd King Edward VII`s Own Gurkha Rifles (The Sirmoor Rifles)from the 14th September 1976 and Colonel Commandant of the SAS from the 19th May 1985.
After his retirement Bramall served as Lord-Lieutenantof Greater London from 1986 to 1998. He was created Baron Bramall, of Bushfield in the County of Hampshire, in 1987, then further invested as a Knight of the Garter in 1990. He was a former President of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and is now an Honorary Life Vice President of the MCC. His other interests include painting and travel and he is a Vice-President of the welfare organisation (SSAFA) Forces Help.
As a Life Peer, he spoke out in the House of Lords against the involvement of the United Kingdom in the Second Iraq War warning that ‘unlike naked aggression, terrorism cannot be defeated by massive military means’ but by ‘competent protection and positive diplomacy’.
On the 27th August 2006, the Mail on Sunday reported that Bramall hit Lord Janner, 78, a veteran campaigner for Holocaust victims and a senior member of Britain’s Jewish community, after making what witnesses claim were a series of ‘anti-Israel’ comments during an argument over the Lebanon conflict. The newspaper reported that the incident took place in one of the rooms close to the debating chamber and the peers who witnessed the incident were extremely shocked by Bramall’s behavior. The newspaper reported that Bramall later apologised by phone to Lord Janner who accepted his apology. No action was taken by the Lords authorities and Lord Janner has made no complaint.
Following the leak of a purported list of members of the far-right British National Partyin October 2009 there was a short-lived claim that Lord Bramall was a member of the party, due to the appearance of a “Lord Bramhall” on the list. There is no such peer in the House of Lords and Lord Bramall swiftly denied being a member, while his naming as such was rapidly acknowledged to be a case of mistaken identity.
On the 25th April 2013 he retired from service in the House of Lords, although he retains his title.
In 1949 he married Dorothy Avril Wentworth Vernon; they had one son and one daughter.His older brother Ashley Bramall was a barrister, Labour politician and Leader of the Inner London Education Authority.
2015 Please search google on Bramall, for events than took place in the April of 2015
2016 Please search google on Bramall, for events than took place in the January of 2016
2017 Please search google on Bramall, for events than took place in the March 2017
2018 Please search google on Bramall, for events than took place in the November 2017
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